Dr. Sherif Zaher
Self-control is a central function of the self and an important key to success in life. The exertion of self-control appears to depend on a limited resource. Just as a muscle gets tired from exertion, acts of self-control cause short-term impairments (ego depletion) in subsequent self-control, even on unrelated tasks.
This article describes an updated understanding of ADHD. Published in Educational Leadership, a national magazine for teachers and school administrator, it describes how ADHD is not primarily a problem of behavior, but more a problem with the management system of the brain. The article explains how ADHD involves working memory problems which impact reading and writing. Parents may want to share this with teachers and read it for themselves.
Certain personality characteristics are key players in the mechanism linking childhood maltreatment to an adverse illness course of depressive and anxiety disorders. Early interventions—reducing neuroticism and hopelessness, and enhancing extraversion and locus of control—might contribute to a better prognosis in a “high-risk” group of depressive and anxiety disorders.
The fear that triggers the physiological response in a person faced with a particular activity is often related to experience and is likely to be especially strong if the person performed less than optimally at those times. Knowing that one has failed frequently at a task may make succeeding at the task in the future difficult. Stated succinctly, the likelihood of an individual’s succeeding at a task may not be independent of his or her beliefs about the likelihood of success.
Current results suggest that better cognitive flexibility would enhance human performance by defusing from anxiety and stress during competition.
In the simplest terms, the brains of children with ADHD have yet to come fully “on-line.” It is conjectured that while certain important brain pathways are working normally, cortical regions involved in attention, impulse control, and stimulus integration abilities, have yet to become fully active.